Publications of the Ebert research group

Google scholar summary [click here]

book cover


Ebert D. 2005. Ecology, Epidemiology, and Evolution of Parasitism in Daphnia [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US), National Center for Biotechnology Information. This book is an open access source and is available from: More info including HTML version. PDF version of entire book click here.


Currently on bioRxiv

  • Ameline, C., Voegtli,F., Andras,J., Dexter,E., Engelstädter,J, & Ebert, D. Genetic slippage after sex maintains diversity for parasite resistance in a natural host population. bioRxiv 2021.07.11.451958; doi:
  • Dubart, M., P David, F Ben-Ami, CR Haag, I Pajunen, & D Ebert. Species coexistence and overlapping distributions in a metacommunity are compatible with niche differences and competition at a local scale. bioRxiv 2020.07.10.196758; doi:
  • Duneau, D., Möst, M. & Ebert, D. 2020. Evolution of sperm morphology in Daphnia. bioRxiv 2020.01.31.929414; doi:
  • Duneau,D., F Altermatt, JB Ferdy, F Ben-Ami, & D Ebert. Estimation of the propensity for sexual selection in a cyclical parthenogen. bioRxiv 2020.02.05.935148; doi:
  • Angst, P., Ebert, D. & Fields, P.D. Population genetic analysis reveals the role of natural selection and phylogeography on genome-wide diversity in an extremely compact and reduced microsporidian genome. bioRxiv 2022.03.29.486185;
  • Halter, M., Du Pasquier, L., Ebert, D. & P.D. Fields. A genomic analysis of parasite-mediated population differentiation in a metapopulation. bioRxiv 2022.03.10.483675;
  • Haaland, T.R., Ebert,D. & Kokko, H. Sex differences in the strength of selection under facultative sex. bioRxiv 2021.10.21.465271;


  • Cornelli, A., Ebert, D., Stukenbrock, E., de la Vega, R.C.R., Tiffin, P., Croll, D. & Tellier, A. 2022. Unraveling coevolutionary dynamics using ecological genomics. Trends in Genetics (in press).
  • de Albuquerque NRM, Haag KL, Fields PD, Cabalzar A, Ben-Ami F, Pombert JF, Ebert D. 2022. A new microsporidian parasite, Ordospora pajunii sp. nov (Ordosporidae), of Daphnia longispina highlights the value of genomic data for delineating species boundaries. J Eukaryot Microbiol 69(3):e12902.
  • Angst, P. Ebert, D. Fields, P.D. 2022. Demographic history shapes genomic variation in an intracellular parasite with a wide geographic distribution. Molecular Ecology 31(9):2528-2544.
  • Santos, J.L. & Ebert, D. 2022. Trehalose provisioning in Daphnia resting stages reflects local adaptation to the harshness of diapause conditions. Biology Letters 18: 20210615.
  • Fields PD, McTaggart S, Reisser CMO, Haag C, Palmer WH, Little TJ, Ebert D, Obbard DJ. 2022. Population-Genomic Analysis Identifies a Low Rate of Global Adaptive Fixation in the Proteins of the Cyclical Parthenogen Daphnia magna. Mol Biol Evol 2022, 39(3).


Evolution cover
  • Van Damme, K., Cornetti, L., Fields, P.D. & Ebert, D. 2021. Whole-Genome Phylogenetic Reconstruction as a Tool to Reveal Homoplasy and Ancient Rapid Radiation in Waterflea Evolution. Systematic Biology, syab094,
  • Fredericksen, M., Ameline, C., Krebs, M., Hüssy, B., Fields, P.D., Andras, J.P. & Ebert, D. 2021. Infection phenotypes of a coevolving parasite are highly diverse, structured and specific. Evolution 75(10):2540-2554.
  • Bourgeois, Y., Fields, P.D., Bento, G. & Ebert, D. 2021. Balancing selection for pathogen resistance reveals an intercontinental signature of Red Queen coevolution. Molecular Biology and Evolution 38(11): 4918–4933.
  • Cornetti, L. & Ebert, D. 2021. No evidence for genetic sex-determination in Daphnia magna. Royal Society Open Science 8: 202292.
  • Cornetti, L., Fields, P.D. & Ebert, D. 2021. Genomic characterization of selfing in the cyclic parthenogen Daphnia magna. Journal of evol. Biology 34:792–802. DOI: 10.1111/jeb.13780
  • Vega, F.E., Emche, S., Shao, J., Simpkins, A., Summers, R., Mock, M.B., Ebert, D., Infante, F., Aoki, S., Maul, J.E. 2021. Cultivation and Genome Sequencing of Bacteria Isolated from the Coffee Berry Borer (Hypothenemus hampei), with Emphasis on the Role of Caffeine Degradation. Frontiers in Microbiology 12:644768. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2021.644768
  • Ameline,C., Bourgeois,Y.X.C., Voegtli, F., Savola, E., Andras, J., Engelstaedter, J. & Ebert, D. 2020. A two-locus system with strong epistasis underlies rapid parasite-mediated evolution of host resistance. Molecular Biol. and Evol. 38: 1512-1528.


  • Ebert, D. & Fields, P.D. 2020. Host-parasite coevolution and its genomic signature. Nature Reviews Genetics 21: 754-768. doi: 10.1038/s41576-020-0269-1
  • Andras, J., Fields, P.D., Du Pasquier, L., Fredericksen, M. & Ebert, D. 2020. Genome-wide association analysis identifies a genetic basis of infectivity in a model bacterial pathogen. Molecular Biology and Evolution. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msaa173
  • Rammé Medeiros de Albuquerque, Nathalia, Ebert, D. & Haag, K.L. 2020. Transposable element abundance correlates with mode of transmission in microsporidian parasites. Mobile DNA. doi: 10.1186/s13100-020-00218-8
  • Ho, E., F. Macrae, L.C. Latta IV, P. McIlroy, D. Ebert, P.D. Fields, M.J. Benner & S. Schaack. 2020. High and highly variable spontaneous mutation rates in Daphnia. Molecular Biology & Evolution. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msaa142
  • Bento, G., P.D. Fields, D. Duneau & D. Ebert. 2020. An alternative route of bacterial infection associated with a novel resistance locus in the Daphnia–Pasteuria host-parasite system. Heredity. doi: 10.1038/s41437-020-0332-x
  • Haag KL, Pombert JF, Sun Y, de Albuquerque NRM, Batliner B, Fields P, Lopes TF & Ebert, D. 2020. Microsporidia with vertical transmission were likely shaped by nonadaptive processes. Genome Biology & Evolution 12:3599-3614. doi: 10.1093/gbe/evz270


  • Cabalzar, A.P., P.D.Fields, Y. Kato, H. Watanabe & D. Ebert. 2019. Parasite‐mediated selection in a natural metapopulation of Daphnia magna. Molecular Ecology 28:4770-4785. doi: 10.1111/mec.15260
  • Seefeldt, L. & Ebert, D. 2019. Temperature- versus precipitation-limitation shape local temperature tolerance in a Holarctic freshwater crustacean. Proc. Roy. Soc. B 286: 20190929. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2019.0929
  • Hall, M.D., Routtu, J. & Ebert, D. 2019. Dissecting the genetic architecture of a stepwise infection process. Molecular Ecology 28: 3942–3957. doi: 10.1111/mec.15166
  • Cornetti, L., P.D.Fields, K. Van Damm & D. Ebert. 2019. A fossil-calibrated phylogenomic analysis of Daphnia and the Daphniidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 137: 250-262
  • Ho, E.K.H., Macrae, F., Latta, L.C., Brenner, M.J., Sun, C., Ebert, D. & S. Schaack. Intraspecific Variation in Microsatellite Mutation Profiles in Daphnia magna. Molecular Biology and Evolution 36: 1942–1954. doi:10.1093/molbev/msz118
  • Martin-Creuzburg, D., Cogins, B.L., D. Ebert & L.Y. Yampolsky. 2019. Rearing temperature and fatty acid supplementation jointly affect lipid fluorescence polarization and heat tolerance in Daphnia. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 92: 408-418. doi: 10.1086/704365
  • Dukic, M., Berner, D., Haag, C.R. & Ebert, D. 2019. How clonal are clones? A quest for loss of heterozygosity during asexual reproduction in Daphnia magna. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 32: 619-628. doi: 10.1111/jeb.13443
  • Savola, E. & Ebert, D. 2019. Assessment of parasite virulence in a natural population of a planktonic crustacean. BMC Ecology 19:14, DOI: 10.1186/s12898-019-0230-3
  • Mushegian, A., Arbore, R., Walser, J.-C. & Ebert, D. 2019. Environmental sources of bacteria and genetic variation in behavior influence host-associated microbiota. Applied and Environmental Microbiology.
  • Narr, C.F., Ebert, D., Bastille-Rousseau G. & Frost, P.C. 2019. Nutrient availability affects the prevalence of a microsporidian parasite. Journal of Animal Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12945
  • Brun, N., Fields, P., Horsfield, S., Mirbahai, L., Ebert, D., Colbourne, J.K. & Fent, K. 2019. Mixtures of aluminum and indium induce more than additive phenotypic and toxicogenomic responses in Daphnia magna. Environ. Sci. Technol. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.8b05457
  • Cypionka, T., P.D. Fields, J.Routtu, E.v.d.Berga, D. Ebert & L. De Meester. 2019. The genetic architecture underlying diapause termination in a planktonic crustacean. Molecular Ecology.


  • Ebert, D. 2018. Open questions: What are the genes underlying antagonistic coevolution? BMC Biology 16:114
  • Ebert, B., Ebert, D., Koebsch, K., Maser, E. & Kisiela, M. 2018. Carbonyl reductases from Daphnia are regulated by redox cycling compounds. The FEBS Journal 285: 2869–2887. doi:10.1111/febs.14578
  • Sison-Mangus, M.P., Metzger, C.M.J.A. & Ebert. D. 2018. Host genotype-specific microbiota do not influence the susceptibility of D. magna to a bacterial pathogen. Scientific Reports 8:9407. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-27681-x.
  • Fields, P.D., Obbard, D.J., McTaggart, S.J., Galimov, Y., Little, T.J. & Ebert, D. 2018. Mitogenome phylogeographic analysis of a planktonic crustacean. Molular Phylogenetic & Evolution. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2018.06.028.
  • Preiswerk, D., Walser, J.-C. & Ebert, D. 2018. Temporal dynamics of microbiota before and after host death. ISME Journal. doi: 10.1038/s41396-018-0157-2
  • Andras, J., Fields, P. & Ebert, D. 2018. Spatial population genetic structure of a bacterial parasite in close coevolution with its host. Molecular Ecology 27:1371–1384. DOI: 10.1111/mec.14545
  • Toenshoff, E., Fields, P.D., Bourgeois, Y.X. & Ebert, D. 2018. The end of a 60-year riddle: Identification and genomic characterization of an iridovirus, the causative agent of White Fat Cell Disease in zoo plankton. G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics.
  • Booksmythe, I., Gerber, N., Ebert, D., Kokko, H. 2018. Daphnia females adjust sex allocation in response to current sex ratio and density. Ecology Letters 21: 629–637. doi: 10.1111/ele.12929
  • Gerber, N., Kokko, H., Ebert, D. & Booksmythe. 2018. Daphnia invest in sexual reproduction when its relative costs are reduced. Proc. R. Soc. B. 285: 20172176. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2176.
  • Mushegian, A.; Walser, J.-C.; Sullam, K.E. & Ebert, D. 2018. The microbiota of diapause: how host-microbe associations are formed after dormancy in an aquatic crustacean. Journal of Animal Ecology 87: 400–413. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12709 (see also Commentary by A. Douglas in the same jorunal: Good Daphnia parents do not control the offspring microbiome. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12796).
  • Sullam, K.E., Pichon, S., Schaer, T.M.M. & Ebert, D. 2018. The Combined Effect of Temperature and Host Clonal Line on the Microbiota of a Planktonic Crustacean. Microb Ecol. 2017 Dec 22. doi: 10.1007/s00248-017-1126-4.


  • Brun, N.R., Beenakker, M.M.T., Hunting, E.R., Ebert, D. & Vijver, M.G. 2017. Brood pouch-mediated polystyrene nanoparticle uptake during Daphnia magna embryogenesis. Nanotoxicology, 11:8, 1059-1069, doi: 10.1080/17435390.2017.1391344
  • Mushegian, A.A. & Ebert, D. 2017. Presence of microbiota reverses the relative performance of Daphnia on two experimental diets. Zoology 125: 29-31. doi: 10.1016/j.zool.2017.07.007
  • Krebs, M., Routtu, J. & Ebert, D. 2017. QTL mapping of a natural genetic polymorphism for long-term parasite persistence in Daphnia populations. Parasitology 144: 1686-1694.
  • Hall, D.M., Bento, G. & Ebert, D. 2017. The evolutionary consequences of stepwise infection processes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 32: 612-623.
  • Bourgeois, Y., Roulin, A., Müller, K. & Ebert, D. 2017. Parasitism drives host genome evolution: insights from the Pasteuria ramosa - Daphnia magna system. Evolution 71-4: 1106–1113. doi:10.1111/evo.13209
  • Bento, G., Routtu, J., Fields, P.D., Bourgois, Y., Du Pasquier, L. & Ebert, D. 2017. The genetic basis of resistance and matching-allele interactions of a host-parasite system: The Daphnia magna-Pasteuria ramosa model. PLoS Genetics DOI:10.1371/journal.pgen.1006596


  • Altermatt, F. & Ebert, D. 2016. Reduced flight-to-light behaviour of moth populations exposed to long-term urban light pollution. Biology Letters 12: 20160111. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2016.0111
  • Ebert, D. 2016. Evolution of infectious disease virulence. In Evolution and Modern Society: An Introduction to how Evolution Shapes our Lives. (edited by J. Losos & R. E. Lenski). Princeton University Press. pp 134-146.
  • Orsini, L., D. Gilbert, P. Ram, M. Jansen, J.B. Brown, O.S. Solari, K.I. Spanier, J.K. Colbourne, D. Rush, E.Decaestecker, J. Asselman, K. A.C. De Schamphelaere, D.Ebert, C.Haag, J. Kvist, C. Laforsch, A.Petrusek, A. Beckerman, T. Little, A. Chaturvedi, M.E.Pfrender, L. De Meester, M.J. Frilander. 2016. Daphnia magna transcriptome by RNA-Seq across 12 environmental stressors. Scientific Data 3:160030, DOI: 10.1038/sdata.2016.30
  • Arbore, R., Andras, J., Routtu, J. & Ebert, D. 2016. Ecological genetics of sediment browsing behaviour in a planktonic crustacean. J. Evol. Biol. 29: 1999–20091999. doi: 10.1111/jeb.12923
  • Schlotz, N., Roulin, A., Ebert, D., & Martin-Creuzburg, M. 2016. Combined effects of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids and parasite exposure on eicosanoid-related gene expression in an invertebrate model. Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology, Part A 201, 115–123. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2016.07.008
  • Dukic, M., Berner, D., Roesti, M., Haag, C.R. & Ebert, D. 2016. A high-density genetic map reveals variation in recombination rate across the genome of Daphnia magna. BMC Genetics 17:137. DOI 10.1186/s12863-016-0445-7
  • Roulin, A., Bourgeois, Y., Stiefel, U., Walser, J.-C. & Ebert, D. 2016. A photoreceptor contributes to the natural variation of diapause induction in Daphnia magna. Molecular Biology and Evolution. Doi: 10.1093/molbev/msw200
  • Retnaningdyah, C. & Ebert, D. 2016. Bleach Solution Requirement for Hatching of Daphnia magna Resting Eggs. Journal of Tropical Life Science, 6: 136–141. doi: 10.11594/jtls.06.03.01
  • Michel, J., Ebert, D. & Hall, M.D. 2016. The trans-generational impact of population density signals on host-parasite interactions. BMC Evolutionary Biology 16:254. DOI 10.1186/s12862-016-0828-4
  • Mushegian,A.A., Burcklen,E., Schaer,T.M.M. & D. Ebert. 2016. Temperature-dependent benefits of bacterial exposure in embryonic development of Daphnia magna resting eggs. Journal of experimental Biology 219:897-904, doi:10.1242/jeb.134759
  • Metzger, C.M.J.A., Luijckx, P., Bento, G., Mariadassou, M. & D. Ebert. 2016. The Red Queen lives: epistasis between linked resistance loci. Evolution 70: 480–487. doi:10.1111/evo.12854
  • Rabajante, J.F., Tubay, J.M., Ito, H., Uehara, T., Kakishima, S., Morita, S., Yoshimura, J. & Ebert, D. 2016. Host-parasite Red Queen dynamics with phase-locked rare genotypes. Science Advances 2 : e1501548. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1501548
  • Duneau, D., Ebert, D. & Du Pasquier, L. 2016. Infections by Pasteuria do not protect its natural host Daphnia magna from subsequent infections. Developmental & Comparative Immunology 57: 120e125. doi: 10.1016/j.dci.2015.12.004
  • Ebert, D. 2016. Evolution of infectious disease virulence. In Evolution and Modern Society: An Introduction to how Evolution Shapes our Lives. Editors: R. E. Lenski & J. Losos. Princeton University Press
  • Ebert, D., D. Duneau, M.D. Hall, P. Luijckx, J.P. Andras, L. Du Pasquier and F. Ben-Ami. 2016. A population biology perspective on the stepwise infection process of the bacterial pathogen Pasteuria ramosa in Daphnia. Advances in Parasitology 91:265-310. doi: 10.1016/bs.apar.2015.10.001.


  • Mushegian, A. & Ebert, D. 2015. Rethinking “mutualism” in diverse host-symbiont communities. Bioessays 38: 100–108. DOI: 10.1002/bies.201500074
  • Roulin, A.C., Mariadassou, M., Hall, M.D., Walser, J.-C., Haag, C.R. & Ebert, D. 2016. High genetic variation in resting stage production in a metapopulation: Is there evidence for local adaptation? Evolution 69: 2747-2756. DOI: 10.1111/evo.12770
  • Lange, B., Kaufmann, A.P. & Ebert, D. 2015. Genetic, ecological and geographic covariables explaining host range and specificity of a microsporidian parasite. Journal of Anmal Ecology 84, 1711–1719. doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12421 [pdf]
  • Mariadassou, M., Pichon, S. and Ebert, D. 2015. Microbial Ecosystems are Dominated by Specialist Taxa. Ecology Letters 18: 974–982. doi: 10.1111/ele.12478 [pdf]
  • Fields, P.D., Reisser, C., Dukić, M., Haag, C.R. & Ebert, D. 2015. Genes mirror geography in Daphnia magna. Molecular Ecology 24:4521-4536. doi: 10.1111/mec.13324 [pdf]
  • Rabajante, J.F., Tubay, J.M., Uehara, T., Morita, S., Ebert, D. & Yoshimura, J. 2015. Red Queen dynamics in multi-host and multi-parasite interaction system. Scientific Reports 5:10004. doi:10.1038/srep10004 [pdf][pdf supplement]
  • Clerc, M., Ebert, D. & Hall, M.D. 2015. Expression of parasite genetic variation changes over the course of infection: implications of within-host dynamics for the evolution of virulence. Proc. R. Soc. B 282:20142820. [pdf]
  • Pombert, J-F, Haag, K.L., Beidas, S., Ebert, D. & Keeling, P. 2014. The Ordospora colligata genome; evolution of extreme reduction in microsporidia and host-to-parasite horizontal gene transfer. mBio 6:1 doi:10.1128/mBio.02400-14 [pdf]
  • Routtu, J. & Ebert, D. 2015. Genetic architecture of resistance in Daphnia hosts against two species of host-specific parasites. Heredity 114:241–248; doi:10.1038/hdy.2014.97 [pdf]


  • Chipman AD, Ferrier DE, Brena C, Qu J, Hughes DS, Schroder R, Torres-Oliva M, Znassi N, Jiang H, Almeida FC, Alonso CR, Apostolou Z, Aqrawi P, Arthur W, Barna JC, Blankenburg KP, Brites D, Capella-Gutierrez S, Coyle M, Dearden PK, Du Pasquier L, Duncan EJ, Ebert D, Eibner C, Erikson G, Evans PD, Extavour CG, Francisco L, Gabaldon T, Gillis WJ, Goodwin-Horn EA, Green JE, Griffiths-Jones S, Grimmelikhuijzen CJ, Gubbala S, Guigo R, Han Y, Hauser F, Havlak P, Hayden L, Helbing S, Holder M, Hui JH, Hunn JP, Hunnekuhl VS, Jackson L, Javaid M, Jhangiani SN, Jiggins FM, Jones TE, Kaiser TS, Kalra D, Kenny NJ, Korchina V, Kovar CL, Kraus FB, Lapraz F, Lee SL, Lv J, Mandapat C, Manning G, Mariotti M, Mata R, Mathew T, Neumann T, Newsham I, Ngo DN, Ninova M, Okwuonu G, Ongeri F, Palmer WJ, Patil S, Patraquim P, Pham C, Pu LL, Putman NH, Rabouille C, Ramos OM, Rhodes AC, Robertson HE, Robertson HM, Ronshaugen M, Rozas J, Saada N, Sanchez-Gracia A, Scherer SE, Schurko AM, Siggens KW, Simmons D, Stief A, Stolle E, Telford MJ, Tessmar-Raible K, Thornton R, van der Zee M, von Haeseler A, Williams JM, Willis JH, Wu Y, Zou X, Lawson D, Muzny DM, Worley KC, Gibbs RA, Akam M, Richards S 2014. The First Myriapod Genome Sequence Reveals Conservative Arthropod Gene Content and Genome Organisation in the Centipede Strigamia maritima. PLoS Biol 12: e1002005. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002005 [pdf]
  • Routtu, J., Hall, M.D., Albere, B., Beisel, C., Bergeron, R.D., Chaturvedi, A., Choi, J.-H., Colbourne, J., De Meester, L., Stephens, M.T., Stelzer, C.-P., Solorzano, E., Thomas, W.K., Pfrender, M.E. & Ebert, D. 2014. A SNP-based second-generation genetic map of Daphnia magna and its application to QTL analysis of phenotypic traits. BMC Genomics 2014, 15:1033; [pdf]
  • Haag, K.L., James, T.Y., Pombert, J.-F., Larsson, R., Schaer, T.M.M., Refardt, D. & Ebert, D. 2014. Evolution of a morphological novelty occurred before genome compaction in a lineage of extreme parasites. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 111: 15480-15485, [pdf]
  • Correction to Haag et al 2014 (PNAS): [pdf]
  • Lange, B., Reuter, M., Ebert, D., Muylaert, K. & Decaestecker, E. 2014. Diet quality determines interspecific parasite interactions in host populations. Ecology & Evolution 4: 3093–3102. doi: 10.1002/ece3.1167 [pdf]
  • Sison-Mangus, M.P., Mushegian, A.A. & Ebert, D. 2014. Water fleas require microbiota for survival, growth and reproduction. ISME Journal, 15.July: 1-9. doi:10.1038/ismej.2014.116 [pdf]
  • Sheikh-Jabbari, E., Ben-Ami, F. & Ebert, D. 2014. The expression of virulence for a mixed-mode transmitted parasite in a diapausing host. Parasitology 141:1097-107. doi: 10.1017/S0031182014000456 [pdf]
  • Yampolsky, L.Y., Schaer, T.M.M. & Ebert, D. 2014. Adaptive phenotypic plasticity and local adaptation for temperature tolerance in freshwater zooplankton. Proc. R. Soc. B 281: 20132744. [pdf]
  • Luijckx, P., Duneau, D., Andras, J. & Ebert, D. 2014. Cross-species infection trials reveal cryptic parasite varieties and a putative polymorphism shared among host species. Evolution 68: 577-586. doi:10.1111/evo.12289 [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. 2014. Evolution of infectious disease virulence. Princeton Guide to Evolution. Princeton University Press, USA. [pdf]


  • Ebert, D. 2013. The epidemiology and evolution of symbionts with mixed-mode transmission. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 44:623-643. doi: 10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-032513-100555 [pdf]
  • Schlotz, N., Ebert, D. & Martin-Creuzburg, D. 2013. Dietary supply with polyunsaturated fatty acids and resulting maternal effects influence host - parasite interactions. BMC Ecology 13:41. doi:10.1186/1472-6785-13-41 [pdf]
  • Hall, M. & Ebert, D. 2013. The genetics of infectious disease susceptibility: has the evidence for epistasis been overestimated? BMC Biology 11:79. doi:10.1186/1741-7007-11-79 [pdf]
  • Roulin, A., Routtu, J., Hall, M.D., Janicke, T., Colson, I., Haag, C.R. & Ebert, D. 2013. Local adaptation of sex-induction in a facultative sexual crustacean: insights from QTL mapping and natural population of Daphnia magna. Molecular Ecology 22:3567–3579. doi:10.1111/mec.12308 [pdf]
  • Luijckx P., Fienberg H., Duneau D. & Ebert D. 2013. A matching allele model explains host resistance to parasites. Current Biology 23, 1085–1088 [pdf]
  • Brites, D., Brena, C., Ebert, D. & Du Pasquier, P. 2013. More than one way to produce protein diversity: duplication and limited alternative splicing of an adhesion molecule gene in basal arthropods. Evolution 67:2999–3011. doi:10.1111/evo.12179 [pdf]
  • Haag, K.L., Sheikh-Jabbari, E., Ben-Ami, F. & Ebert, D. 2013. Microsatellite and single nucleotide polymorphisms indicate recurrent transitions to asexuality in a microsporidian parasite. J. evol. Biology 26:1117-1128. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D., Hottinger, J. & Pajunen, V.I. 2013. Unsuitable habitat patches lead to severe underestimation of dynamics and gene flow in a zooplankton metapopulation. Journal of Animal Ecology 82:759-769. [pdf]
  • Andras, J. & Ebert, D. 2013. A novel approach to parasite population genetics: Experimental infection reveals geographic differentiation, recombination and host-mediated population structure in Pasteuria ramosa, a bacterial parasite of Daphnia. Molecular Ecology 22:972-986. doi: 10.1111/mec.12159 [pdf]
  • Haag, K.L., Traunecker, E. & Ebert, D. 2013. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms of two closely related microsporidian parasites suggest a clonal population expansion after the last glaciation. Molecular Ecology 22: 314–326 [pdf]
  • Hall, M.D., Vettiger, A. & Ebert, D. 2013. Interactions between environmental stressors: the influence of salinity on host-parasite interactions between Daphnia magna and Pasteuria ramosa. Oecologia 171(4):789-96. doi: 10.1007/s00442-012-2452-3 [pdf]
  • Antonovics, J., Boots, M., Ebert; D., Koskella, B., Poss, M. & Sadd, B.M. 2013. The origin of specificity by means of natural selection: evolved and nonhost resistance in host–pathogen interactions. Evolution 67: 1-9. doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2012.01793.x [pdf]


TREE cover
  • Duneau, D., P. Luijckx, L. F. Ruder and D. Ebert. 2012. Sex-specific effects of a parasite evolving in a female-biased host population. BMC Biology 10:104, [pdf]
  • Kawecki, T.J., Lenski, R.E., Ebert, D., Hollis, B., Olivieri, I & Whitlock, M.C. 2012. The value of complementary approaches in evolutionary research. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 27: 650–651 (see also Comment by Magalhaes & Matos TREE 27: 649–650) [pdf]
  • Kawecki, T.J., Lenski, R.E., Ebert, D., Hollis, B., Olivieri, I & Whitlock, M.C. 2012. Experimental Evolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 27: 547-560. [pdf]
  • Duneau, D. & Ebert, D. 2012. The role of molting in parasite defense. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B. 279:3049-3054. doi:10.1098/rspb.2012.0407 [pdf]
  • Hall, M.D. & Ebert, D. 2012. Disentangling the influence of parasite genotype, host genotype and maternal environment on different stages of bacterial infection in Daphnia magna. Proc. R. Soc. B 279: 3176-3183; doi:10.1098/rspb.2012.0509 [pdf]
  • Mennerat, A. , Hamre, L., Ebert, D., Nilsen, F., Da Vidova, M. & Skorping, A. 2012. Life history and virulence are linked in the ectoparasitic salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis. Journal evolutionary Biology, doi: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2012.02474.x [pdf]
  • Duneau, D. & Ebert, D. 2012. Host Sexual Dimorphism and Parasite Adaptation. PLoS Biology 10 (2): e1001271. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001271 [pdf]
  • Refardt, D. & Ebert, D. 2012. The impact of infection on host competition and its relationship to parasite persistence in a Daphnia-microparasite system. Evolutionary Ecology 26:95–107. doi: 10.1007/s10682-011-9487-5 [pdf]
  • Le Coadic, M., Simon, M., Marchetti, A., Ebert, D. & Cosson, P. 2012. Daphnia magna, a host to evaluate bacterial virulence. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 78: 593-595 doi:10.1128/AEM.06278-11. [pdf]
  • Luijckx P., Fienberg H., Duneau D., Ebert D. 2012. Resistance to a bacterial parasite in the crustacean Daphnia magna shows Mendelian segregation with dominance. Heredity, doi:10.1038/hdy.2011.122. [pdf]


  • Brites D., Encinas-Viso F., Ebert D., Du Pasquier L., Haag C.R. 2011. Population genetics of duplicated alternatively spliced exons of the dscam gene in Daphnia and Drosophila. PLoS One. 6 (12): e27947. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. 2011. A genome for the environment. Science 331:539-540 [pdf]
  • McElroy, K., Mouton, L., Du Pasquier, L., Qi, W. & Ebert, D. 2011. Characterisation of a large family of polymorphic collagen-like proteins in the endospore-forming bacterium Pasteuria ramosa. Research in Microbiology 162(7):701-14. [pdf]
  • Lass, S. , Hottinger, J.W., Fabbro, T. & Ebert, D. 2011. Converging seasonal prevalence dynamics in experimental epidemics. BMC Ecology 11:14 (17 May 2011) [pdf]
  • Ben-Ami, F., Rigaud, T. and Ebert, D. 2011. The expression of virulence during double infections by different parasites with conflicting host exploitation and transmission strategies. Journal evol. Biology 24:1307-1316. DOI: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2011.02264.x. [pdf]
  • Duneau, D., P. Luijckx, F. Ben-Ami, C. Laforsch and D. Ebert. 2011. Resolving the infection process reveals striking differences in the contribution of environment, genetics and phylogeny to host-parasite interactions. BMC Biology, 9:11. [pdf]
  • Luijckx P., Ben-Ami F., Mouton L., Pasquier L., Ebert D. 2011. Cloning of the unculturable parasite Pasteuria ramosa and its Daphnia host reveals extreme genotype-genotype interactions. Ecology Letters 14:125-131. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2010.01561.x [pdf]
  • Haag, K.L., Larsson, J.I.R., Refardt, D. & Ebert, D. 2011. Cytological and molecular description of Hamiltosporidium tvaerminnensis gen. et sp. nov., a microsporidian parasite of Daphnia magna, and establishment of Hamiltosporidium magnivora comb. nov. Parasitology 138: 447-462. DOI: 10.1017/S0031182010001393 [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. & Qi, W. 2011. An evolutionary ecology perspective on comparative metagenomics. In: Metagenomics and its Applications in Agriculture, Biomedicine, and Environmental Studies (edited by Robert W. Li). Nova Science Publishers, New York. pp. 211-236. [pdf]


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  • Altermatt, F., Pajunen, V.I. & Ebert, D. 2010. Populations in small, ephemeral habitat patches may drive dynamics in a Daphnia magna metapopulation. Ecology 91:2975–2982. doi:10.1890/09-2016.1 [pdf] [pdf supplement]
  • Mennerat, A., Nilsen, F., Ebert, D. & Skorping, A. 2010. Intensive Farming: Evolutionary Implications for Parasites and Pathogens. Evolutionary Biology 37 (2-3):59-67 DOI 10.1007/s11692-010-9089-0 [pdf]
  • Routtu, J., Jansen, B., Colson, I., De Meester, L. & Ebert, D. 2010. The first-generation Daphnia magna linkage map. BMC Genomics 11:508, doi:10.1186/1471-2164-11-508 [pdf]
  • Keeling, P.J., Corradi, N., Morrison, H.G., Haag, K.L., Ebert, D., Weiss, L.M., Akiyoshi, D.E. & Tzipori, S. 2010. The reduced genome of the parasitic Microsporidian Enterocytozoon bieneusi lacks genes for core carbon metabolism. Genome Biology and Evolution 2:304-309. [pdf]
  • Frost, P.C., D. Ebert, J.H. Larson, M.A. Marcus, N.D. Wagner, and A. Zalewski. 2010. Transgenerational effects of poor elemental food quality on an aquatic invertebrate. Oecologia (Berl.) 162:865-872.. [pdf]
  • Pulkkinen, K., Suomalainen L.-R., Read, A. F., Ebert, D., Rintamäki, P. & Valtonen E.T. 2010. Intensive fish farming and the evolution of pathogen virulence: the case of columnaris disease in Finland. Proc. Roy. Soc. B, London 277: 593-600 [pdf]
  • Ganz, H. & Ebert, D. 2010. Benefits of host genetic diversity for resistance to infection depend on parasite diversity. Ecology 91: 1263–1268. [pdf]
  • Ben-Ami, F., Ebert, D. & Regoes, R. 2010. Pathogen Dose Infectivity Curves as a Method to Analyze the Distribution of Host Susceptibility: A Quantitative Assessment of Maternal Effects after Food Stress and Pathogen Exposure. American Naturalist 175: 106–115 [pdf]


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  • Corradi, N., Haag, K.L., Pombert, J.F., Ebert, D. & Keeling, P.J. 2009. Draft genome sequence of the Daphnia pathogen Octosporea bayeri: insights into the gene content of a large microsporidian genome and a model for host-parasite interactions. Genome Biology 10:R106 [pdf]
  • Mouton, L., Traunecker, E., McElroy, K., Du Pasquier, L. & Ebert, D. 2009. Identification of a polymorphic collagen-like protein in the crustacean bacteria Pasteuria ramosa. Research in Microbiology 160:792-799 [pdf]
  • Colsson, I., Du Pasquier, L. & Ebert, D. 2009. Intragenic Tandem Repeats in Daphnia magna: Structure, Function and Distribution. BMC Research Notes 2:206 [pdf]
  • Altermatt, F., Pajunen, V.I. & Ebert, D. 2009. Desiccation of rock pool habitats and its influence on population persistence in a Daphnia metacommunity. PLoS ONE 4:e4703 [pdf]
  • Bieger, A. & Ebert, D. 2009. Expression of parasite virulence at different host population densities under natural conditions. Oecologia Oecologia 160:247–255. [pdf]
  • Gaba, S. & Ebert, D. 2009. Time-shift experiments as a tool to study antagonistic coevolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 24:226-232. [pdf]
  • Altermatt, F. Baumeyer, A. & Ebert D. 2009. Experimental evidence for male biased flight-to-light behavior in two moth species. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 130: 259–265. [pdf]
  • Qi, W., Nong, G., Preston, J.F., Ben-Ami, F. & Ebert, D. 2009. Comparative metagenomics of Daphnia symbionts. BMC Genomics 10:172-189. [pdf]
  • Dickson, D.W., J. F. Preston, III, R. M. Giblin-Davis, G. R. Noel, D. Ebert and G. W. Bird. 2009. Family Pasteuriaceae Laurent 1890, 756AL. Pas.teu.ri.a' gen. n. Pasteuria type genus of the family; suff. -aceae ending denoting family; N.L. fem. pl. n. Pasteuriaceae the Pasteuria family. In Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd Edition. Vol. 3, The Firmicutes. (eds: P. De Vos, G. M. Garrity, D. Jones, N. R. Krieg, W. Ludwig, F. A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, and W. B. Whitman). Springer, New York. pp. 328-347. [pdf: low quality original; ] [pdf: high quality, but uncorrected_proofs]


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  • Ebert, D. & Bull, J.J. 2008. The evolution of virulence. pp. 153-167. In: Evolution in health and disease (2nd Ed.). (eds. Stearns, S.C. & Koella, J.K.) Oxford University Press, Oxford. 363 p. [pdf]
  • Frost, P., Ebert, D. & Smith, V. 2008. Bacterial infection changes the elemental composition of Daphnia. J. Anim. Ecology 77: 1265–1272. [pdf]
  • Ben-Ami, F., Mouton, L. & Ebert, D. 2008. The effects of multiple infections on the expression and evolution of virulence in a Daphnia - endoparasite system. Evolution 62: 1700–1711. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. 2008. Host - parasite coevolution: insights from the Daphnia - parasite model system. Current Opinions in Microbiology 11: 290–301. [pdf]
  • Altermatt, F. & Ebert, D. 2008. Genetic diversity of Daphnia magna populations enhances resistance to parasites. Ecology letters 11: 918–928. [pdf]
  • Brites, D., Seanna McTaggart, s., Morris, K., Anderson, J., Thomas, K., Colson, I., Fabbro, T., Little, T., Ebert, D. & Du Pasquier, L. 2008. The Dscam homologue of the Crustacean Daphnia is diversified by alternative splicing like in Insects. Molecular biology and evolution 25(7): 1429–1439. [pdf]
  • Zbinden, M., Haag, C.R. & Ebert, D. 2008. Experimental evolution of field populations of Daphnia magna in response to parasite treatment. Journal of evolutionary Biology 21: 1068–1078. [pdf]
  • Ben-Ami, F., Regoes, R.R. & Ebert, D. 2008. A quantitative test of the relationship between parasite dose and infection probability across different host-parasite combinations Proc. Roy. Soc. B. 275: 853–859 [pdf]
  • Mouton, L. & Ebert, D. 2008. Variable number of tandem repeats analysis of genetic diversity within Pasteuria ramosa. Current Microbiology 56: 447–452 [pdf]
  • Altermatt, F., & Ebert, D. 2008. The influence of habitat size and habitat stability on the production of the resting and migration stage in a Daphnia metapopulation. Oecologia 157: 441–452 [pdf]
  • Altermatt, F., Pajunen, I.V. & Ebert, D. 2008. Climate change affects colonisation dynamics in a metacommunity of three Daphnia species. Global Change Biology. 14: 1209–1220 [pdf]
  • Roth, O.; Ebert, D., Vizoso, D.B. , Bieger, A. & Lass, S. 2008. Male-biased sex-ratio distortion caused by a vertically and horizontally infecting parasite. International Journal for Parasitology 38: 969-979. [pdf]
  • Frost, P., Ebert. D. & Smith,V. 2008. Responses of a bacterial pathogen to phosphorus limitation of its aquatic invertebrate host. Ecology 89: 313–318 [pdf]
  • Bull, J.J. & Ebert. D. 2008. Invasion thresholds and the evolution of non-equilibrium virulence. Evolutionary Applications 1: 172–182 [pdf]
  • Rodrigues, J.L.M., Duffy, M.A., Tessier, A.J., Ebert, D., Mouton, L. & Schmidt, T.M. 2008. Phylogenetic characterization and prevalence of Spirobacillus cienkowskii: a red-pigmented, spiral-shaped bacterial pathogen of the freshwater Cladoceran, Daphnia. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 74: 1575-1582. [pdf]
  • Schmidt, L., Mouton, L., Nong, G., Ebert, D. & Preston, J.F. 2008. Genetic and immunological comparison of the cladoceran parasite Pasteuria ramosa with the nematode parasite Pasteuria penetrans. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 74: 259-264. [pdf]


  • Decaestecker, E., Gaba, S., Raeymaekers, J.A.M., Stoks, R., Van Kerckhoven, L., Ebert, D. & De Meester, L. 2007. Host-parasite 'Red Queen' dynamics archived in pond sediment. Nature 450:870-873. [pdf]
  • Altermatt, F., & Ebert, D. (2007) The genotype specific competitive ability does not correlate with infection in natural Daphnia magna populations. PLoS ONE 2 (12): e1280. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D., Altermatt, F. & Lass, S. 2007. A short term benefit for outcrossing in a Daphnia metapopulation in relation to parasitism. J. R. Soc. Interface 4:777-785 (open access!) [pdf]
  • Altermatt, F., Hottinger, J.W. & Ebert, D. 2007. Parasites promote host gene flow in a metapopulation. Evolutionary Ecology 21: 561-575. DOI: 10.1007/s10682-006-9136-6 [pdf]
  • Haag, C.R. & Ebert, D. 2007. Genotypic selection in Daphnia populations consisting of inbred sibships. J. evol. Biology 20: 881-891. [pdf]
  • Mouton, L., Nong, G., Preston, J.F. & Ebert, D. 2007. Variable Number of Tandem Repeats as molecular markers for biotypes of Pasteuria ramosa  in Daphnia species. Applied and environmental microbiology 73:3715-3718. [pdf]
  • Refardt, D. & Ebert, D. 2007. Inference of parasite local adaptation using two different fitness components. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20: 921-929. DOI: 10.1111/j.1420-9101.2007.01307.x [pdf]
  • Refardt, D. & Mouton, L. 2007 Reverse arrangement of rRNA subunits in the microsporidium Glugoides intestinalis. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 54: 83-85. DOI: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.2006.00149.x [pdf]


  • Pulkkinen, K. & Ebert, D. 2006. The effect of size-selective removal on host and parasite persistence in experimental populations. Oecologia 149: 72-80. [pdf]
  • Wolinska,J., K. Bittner, D. Ebert & P. Spaak 2006. The coexistence of hybrid and parental Daphnia - the role of parasites. Proc. Roy. Soc. B. 273: 1977-1983. [pdf]
  • Jensen, K. H., Little, T., Skorping, A. & Ebert, D. 2006. Empirical support for optimal virulence in a castrating parasite. PLoS Biology 4: e197. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0040197 [pdf]
  • Refardt, D. & Ebert, D. Quantitative PCR to detect, discriminate and quantify intracellular parasites in their host: an example from three microsporidians in Daphnia. Parasitology 133: 11-18. DOI: 10.1017/S0031182006000060 [pdf]
  • Haag, C. R., Riek, M., Hottinger, J. W., Pajunen, V. I. & Ebert, D. 2006. Founder events as determinants of within-island and among-island genetic structure of Daphnia metapopulations. Heredity 96: 150-158. DOI: 10.1038/sj.hdy.6800774 [pdf]
  • Little, T. J., Watt, K. & Ebert, D. 2006. Parasite-host specificity: experimental studies on the basis of parasite adaptation. Evolution 60: 31-38. [pdf]
  • Lass, S. & Ebert, D. 2006. Apparent seasonality of parasite dynamics: analysis of cyclic prevalence patterns. Proceedings: Biological Sciences. 273: 199-206. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2005.3310 [pdf]


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  • Haag, C.R., Riek, M., Hottinger, J.W., Pajunen, V.I. & Ebert, D. 2005. Genetic diversity and genetic differentiation in Daphnia metapopulations with subpopulations of known age. Genetics 170: 1809-1820. [pdf]
  • Decaestecker , E., Declerck, S., De Meester, L. & Ebert, D. 2005. Ecological implications of parasites in natural Daphnia populations. Oecologia 144: 382-390. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. 2005. How to catch the Red Queen? In: Narrow Roads of Gene Land, The collected papers by W.D. Hamilton Vol. 3. (ed. M. Ridely). Oxford University Press 189-194 [pdf]
  • Vizoso, D.B. & Ebert. D. 2005. Phenotypic plasticity of host-parasite interactions in response to the route of infection. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18: 911-921. [pdf]
  • Vizoso, D.B., Lass, S. & Ebert. D. 2005. Different mechanisms of transmission of the microsporidium Octosporea bayeri: a cocktail of solutions for the problem of parasite permanence. Parasitology 130: 501-509. [pdf]
  • Vizoso, D.B. & Ebert. D. 2005. Mixed inoculations of a microsporidian parasite with horizontal and vertical infections. Oecologia 143: 157-166. [pdf]
  • Zbinden, M., Lass, S., Refardt, D., Hottinger, J. & Ebert, D. 2005. Octosporea bayeri: Fumidil B inhibits vertical transmission in Daphnia magna. Experimental Parasitology 109: 58-61. [pdf]


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  • Ebert, D., Carius, H.J., Little, T. & Decaestecker, E. 2004. The evolution of virulence when parasites cause host castration and gigantism. American Naturalist 164: S19-S32. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D., Salathé, P. & Kawecki, T.J. 2004. Evidence for epistasis: Reply to Trouve et. al. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 17: 1402-1404. [pdf]
  • Fels, D., Lee, V.A. & Ebert, D. 2004. The impact of microparasites on the vertical distribution of Daphnia magna. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 161: 65-80. [pdf]
  • Kawecki, T.J. & Ebert, D. 2004. Conceptual issues in local adaptation. Ecology Letters 7: 1225-1241. [pdf]
  • Haag, C. R. & Ebert, D. 2004. Parasite-mediated selection in experimental metapopulations of Daphnia magna. Proceedings: Biological Sciences 271: 2149-2155. [pdf]
  • Little, T. J. & Ebert, D. 2004. Evolutionary dynamics in Daphnia and their microparasites. In: Infectious Disease: Host-Pathogen Evolution (ed. K. Dronamraju). Cambridge University Press, UK. pp. 222-240. [pdf]
  • Schneider, A. & Ebert, D. 2004. Covariation of mitochondrial genome size with gene lengths: Evidence for gene length reduction during mitochondrial evolution. Journal of Molecular Evolution 59: 90-96 [pdf]
  • Haag, C. R. & Ebert, D. 2004. A new hypothesis to explain geographic parthenogenesis. Annales Zoologici Fennici 41: 539-544. [pdf]
  • Decaestecker, E., Lefever, C., De Meester, L. & Ebert, D. 2004. Haunted by the past: evidence for resting stage banks of microparasites and epibionts of Daphnia. Limnology and Oceanography 49: 1355-1364. [pdf]
  • Mucklow, P. T., Vizoso, D. B., Jensen, K. H., Refardt, D. & Ebert, D. 2004. Variation for phenoloxidase activity and its relation to parasite resistance within and between populations of Daphnia magna. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 271: 1175-1183. [pdf]
  • Pulkkinen, K. & Ebert, D. 2004. Host starvation decreases parasite load and mean host size in experimental populations. Ecology 85: 823-833. [pdf]
  • Vizoso, D. B. & Ebert, D. 2004. Within-host dynamics of a microsporidium with horizontal and vertical transmission: Octosporea bayeri in Daphnia magna. Parasitology 128: 31-38. [pdf]


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  • Mucklow, P. T. & Ebert, D. 2003. Physiology of immunity in the water flea Daphnia magna: Environmental and genetic aspects of phenoloxidase activity. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 76: 836-842. [pdf]
  • Regoes, R. R., Hottinger, J. W., Sygnarski, L. & Ebert, D. 2003. The infection rate of Daphnia magna by Pasteuria ramosa conforms with the mass-action principle. Epidemiology and Infection 131: 957-966. [pdf]
  • Salathé, P. & Ebert, D. 2003. The effects of parasitism and inbreeding on the competitive ability in Daphnia magna: evidence for synergistic epistasis. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 16: 976-985. [pdf]
  • Decaestecker, E., Vergote, A., Ebert, D. & De Meester, L. 2003. Evidence for strong host clone-parasite species interaction in the Daphnia microparasite system. Evolution 57: 784-792. [pdf]
  • Haag, C. J., Sakwinska, O., & Ebert, D. 2003. Test of synergistic interaction between infection and inbreeding in Daphnia magna. Evolution 57: 777-783. [pdf]
  • Capaul, M. & Ebert, D. 2003. Parasite mediated selection in experimental populations of Daphnia magna. Evolution 57: 249-260. [pdf]
  • Schmid-Hempel, P. & Ebert, D. 2003. On the evolutionary ecology of specific immune defence. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18: 27-32. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. & Bull, J. J. 2003. Revisiting Virulence Management. Trends in Microbiology 11:208-209 (this is a reply to Comments in TiM, vol. 11; by Elliot (page 205) and Gandon & Troy (pp. 206-206)) to the paper in TiM (vol.11: 15-20) by Ebert & Bull. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. & Bull, J. J. 2003. Challenging the trade-off model for the evolution of virulence: is virulence management feasible? Trends in Microbiology 11: 15-20. [pdf]
  • Agnew, P., Becknel, J., Ebert, D. & Michalakis, Y. 2003. Symbiosis of microsporidia and insects. In: Insect symbiosis (eds. Bourtzis, K. and Miller, Th.) pp.145-165. [pdf]


  • Little, T. J., H. J. Carius, O. Sakwinska, and Ebert, D. 2002. Competitiveness and life-history characteristics of Daphnia with respect to susceptibility to a parasite. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 15: 796-802. [pdf]
  • Decaestecker, E., De Meester, L. & Ebert, D. 2002. In deep trouble: Habitat selection constrained by multiple enemies in zooplankton. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 99: 5481-5485. [pdf]
  • Haag, C., Hottinger, J.W., Riek, M. & Ebert, D. 2002. Strong inbreeding depression in a Daphnia metapopulation. Evolution 56: 518-526. [pdf]
  • Refardt, D, Canning, E. U., Mathis, A., Cheney, S. A., Lafranchi-Tristem, N. J. & Ebert, D. 2002. Small subunit ribosomal DNA phylogeny of microsporidia that infect Daphnia (Crustacea: Cladocera). Parasitology 124: 381-389. [pdf]
  • Regoes, R. R., Ebert, D. & Bonhoeffer, S. 2002. Dose-dependent infection rates of parasites produce Allee effect in epidemiology. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 269: 271-279. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D., Haag, C., Kirkpatrick, M., Riek, M., Hottinger, J. W. and Pajunen, V. I. 2002. Outbreeding confers a selective advantage to immigrant genes in a metapopulation. Science 295: 485-488. [pdf]
  • Bittner, K., Rothhaupt, K.O. & Ebert, D. 2002. Ecological interactions of the microparasite Caullerya mesnili and its host Daphnia galeata. Limnology and Oceanography 47: 300-305. [pdf]


  • Ebert, D., Hottinger, J. W. & Pajunen, V. I. 2001. Temporal and spatial dynamics of parasites in a Daphnia metapopulation: Which factors explain parasite richness? Ecology 82: 3417-3434. [pdf]
  • Stearns, S. C. and Ebert, D. 2001. Evolution in Health and disease: Work in progress. Quarterly Review of Biology 76: 417-432. [pdf]
  • Canning, E. U., A. Curry, S. A. Chenney, N. J. Lafranchi-Tristem, D. Ebert, D. Refardt, M. Killick-Kendrick & R. Killick-Kendrick. 2001. Flabelliforma montana (Phylum Microsporidia) from Phlebotomus ariasi (Diptera: Psychodidae): ultrastructural observations and phylogenetic relationships. European Journal of Protistology 37: 207-221. [pdf]
  • Carius, H.J., Little, T.J. & Ebert, D. 2001. Genetic variation in a host - parasite association: potential for coevolution and frequency dependent selection. Evolution 55: 1136-1145. [pdf]
  • Little, T.J. & Ebert, D. 2001. Temporal patterns of genetic variation for resistance and infectivity in a Daphnia-microparasite system. Evolution 55: 1146-1152. [pdf]


  • Ebert, D. 2000. Experimental evidence for rapid parasite adaptation and its consequences for the evolution of virulence. In: Host-parasite evolution (eds. R. Poulin, S. Morand & A. Skorping) Elsevier pp. 163-184. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D., Lipsitch, M. & Mangin, K.L. 2000. The effect of parasites on host population density and extinction: experimental epidemiology with Daphnia and six microparasites. American Naturalist 156: 459-477. [pdf]
  • Little, T.J. & Ebert, D. 2000. The cause of parasitic infection in natural populations of Daphnia (Crustacea: Cladocera): the role of host genetics. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 267: 2037-2043. [pdf]
  • Little, T.J. & Ebert, D. 2000. Sex, linkage disequilibrium and patterns of parasitism in three species of cyclically parthenogenetic Daphnia (Cladocera: Crustacea). Heredity 85: 257-265. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D., Zschokke-Rohringer, C.D. & Carius, H.J. 2000. Dose effects and density dependent regulation of two microparasites of Daphnia magna. Oecologia 122: 200-209. [pdf]


  • Little, T. & Ebert, D. 1999. Associations between parasitism and host genotype in natural populations of Daphnia (Crustacea: Cladocera). Journal of Animal Ecology 68: 134-149. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. 1999. The evolution and expression of virulence. In: Evolution in health and disease (ed. S.C. Stearns) Oxford University Press, Oxford. pp.161-172. [pdf]
  • Read, A.F., Aaby, P., Antia, R., Ebert, D., Ewald, P.W., Gupta, S., Holmes, E.C., Sasaki, A., Shields, D., Taddei, F. & Moxon, R. 1999. What Can Evolutionary Biology Contribute To Understanding Virulence? In: Evolution in health and disease (ed. S.C. Stearns) Oxford University Press, Oxford. pp. 205-215. [pdf]


ProcRB cover
  • Ebert, D. 1998. Experimental evolution of parasites. Science 282: 1432-1435. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. 1998. Infectivity, dose effects, and the genetic correlation between within-host growth and parasite virulence. Evolution 52: 1869-1871. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D., Zschokke-Rohringer, C.D. & Carius, H.J. 1998. Within and between population variation for resistance of Daphnia magna to the bacterial endoparasite Pasteuria ramosa. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 265: 2127-2134. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. 1998. Behavioural asymmetry in relation to body weight and hunger in the tropical social spider Anelosimus eximius (Araneae, Theridiidae). Journal of Arachnology 26: 70-80. [pdf]
  • Larsson, J.I.R., Ebert, D., Mangin, K.L. & Vavra, J. 1998. Ultrastructural study and description of Flabelliforma magnivora n. sp. (Microspora, Duboscqiidae), a new microsporidian parasite of Daphnia magna. Acta Protozoologica 37:41-52. [pdf]
  • Bengtsson, J. & Ebert, D. 1998. Distribution and impacts of microparasites on Daphnia in a rockpool metapopulation. Oecologia 115:213-221. [pdf]
  • Gandon, S., Ebert, D., Olivieri, I. & Michalakis, Y. 1998. Differential adaptation in spatially heterogeneous environments and host-parasite coevolution. In: Genetic Variation and Local Adaptation in Natural Insect Populations: Effects of Ecology, Life History, and Behavior (eds. S. Mopper & S. Strauss) Chapman & Hall, New York. pp. 325-341. [pdf]


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  • Ebert, D. & Mangin, K.L. 1997. The influence of host demography on the evolution of virulence of a microsporidian gut parasite. Evolution 51:1828-1837. [pdf]
  • Larsson, J.I.R., Ebert, D. & Vavra, J. 1997. Ultrastructural study and description of Ordospora colligata gen. et sp. nov. (Microspora, Ordosporidae fam. nov.), a new microsporidian parasite of Daphnia magna (Crustacea, Cladocera). European Journal of Protozoology 33:432-443. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. & Weisser, W.W. 1997. Optimal killing for obligate killers: the evolution of life histories and virulence of semelparous parasites. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 264:985-991. [pdf]
  • McKee, D. & Ebert, D. 1997. Clutch size in Daphnia: even versus odd? Archive für Hydrobiologie 139: 163-169. [pdf]
  • Stirnadel, A.H. & Ebert, D. 1997. Prevalence, host specificity and impact on host fecundity of microparasites and epibionts in three sympatric Daphnia species. Journal of Animal Ecology 66:212-222. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. 1997. The evolution and genetics of maturation in Daphnia. In Evolutionary Ecology of Freshwater Animals: Concepts and Case Studies (eds. B.Streit, T. Staedler, C. Lively) Birkhäuser Verlag. pp. 151-178. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. Payne, R. & Weisser, W.W. 1997. The epidemiology of infectious diseases in zooplankton. In: Vertical Food Web Interactions: Evolutionary Patterns and Driving Forces. (eds. K. Dettner, G. Bauer & W. Völkl) Springer Verlag, Heidelberg, (Ecological Studies, Vol. 130) pp. 91-111. [pdf]


CPB cover
  • Larsson, J.I.R., Ebert, D. & Vavra, J. 1996 Ultrastructural study of Glugea cladocera Pfeiffer, 1895, and transfer to the Genus Agglomerata (Microspora, Duboscqiidae). European Journal of Protozoology 32:412-422. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D., Rainey, P., Embley, T.M. & Scholz, D. 1996. Development, life cycle, ultrastructure and phylogenetic position of Pasteuria ramosa Metchnikoff 1888: rediscovery of an obligate endoparasite of Daphnia magna Straus. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London, Series B 351:1689-1701. [pdf]
  • McKee, D. & Ebert, D. 1996. The effect of temperature on maturation threshold body-length in Daphnia magna. Oecologia 108:627-630. [pdf]
  • McKee, D. & Ebert, D. 1996. The Interactive effects of temperature, food level and maternal phenotype on offspring size in Daphnia magna. Oecologia 107:189-196. [pdf]
  • Bonhoeffer, S. Ebert, D. & Lenski, R. E. 1996. The curse of the pharaoh: the evolution of virulence in pathogens with long living propagules. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, B. 263:715-721. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. & Hamilton, W.D. 1996. Sex against virulence: the coevolution of parasitic diseases. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 11:79-82. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. & Herre, E.A. 1996. The evolution of parasitic disease. Parasitology Today 12:96-101. [pdf]
  • Larsson, J.I.R., Ebert, D., Vavra, J. & Voronin, V.N. 1996. Redescription of Pleistophora intestinalis Chatton, 1907, a microsporidian parasite of Daphnia magna and Daphnia pulex, with establishment of the new genus Glugoides (Microspora, Glugeidae). European Journal of Protozoology 32: 251-261. [pdf]
  • Gandon, S., Michalakis, Y., & Ebert, D. 1996. Temporal variability and local adaptation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 11:431. [pdf]


  • Ebert, D. 1995. Variation in parasite virulence is not an indicator for the evolution of benevolence. Conservation Biology 9:1652-1653. [pdf]
  • Lipsitch, M., Nowak, M.A., Ebert, D. & May, R.M. 1995. The population dynamics of vertically and horizontally transmitted parasites. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, B. 260:321-327. [pdf]
  • Mangin, K.L., Lipsitch, M. & Ebert, D. 1995. Virulence and transmission modes of two microsporidia in Daphnia magna. Parasitology 111:133-142. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. & Mangin, K.L. 1995. The evolution of virulence - when familiarity breeds death. Biologist 42:154-156. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. 1995. The ecological interaction between a microsporidian parasite and its host Daphnia magna. Journal of Animal Ecology 64:361-369. [pdf]


  • Ebert, D. 1994.Virulence and local adaptation of a horizontally transmitted parasite. Science 265:1084-1086. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. & Lorenzi, R. 1994. Parasites and polymorphism. Nature (London) 369:705-706. [pdf]
  • Yampolsky, L.Y., Kamaltynov, R.M., Ebert, D., Filatov, D.A. & Chernykh, V. 1994. Variation in allozyme loci in endemic gammarids of Lake Baikal. Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society 53:309-323. [pdf]
  • Yampolsky, L.Y. & Ebert, D. 1994. Variation and plasticity of biomass allocation in Daphnia. Functional Ecology 8:435-440. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. 1994. A maturation size threshold and phenotypic plasticity of age and size at maturity in Daphnia magna. Oikos, 69:309-317. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. 1994. Fractional resource allocation into few eggs: Daphnia as an example. Ecology, 75:568-571. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. 1994. Genetic differences in the interactions of a microsporidian parasite and four clones of its cyclically parthenogenetic host. Parasitology, 108:11-16. [pdf]


  • Ebert, D., Yampolsky, L.Y. & Stearns, S.C. 1993. Genetics of life history traits in Daphnia magna: I. Heritabilities at two food levels. Heredity, 70:335-343. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D., Yampolsky, L.Y. & van Noordwijk, A.J. 1993. Genetics of life history traits in Daphnia magna: II. Phenotypic plasticity. Heredity, 70:344-352. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. 1993. The trade-off between offspring size and number in Daphnia magna: The influence of genetic, environmental and maternal effects. Monograph in Archiv für Hydrobiologie S90, 4:453-473. [pdf]


  • Ebert, D. & Yampolsky, L.Y. 1992. Family planning in Daphnia: When is clutch size determined? Russian Journal of Aquatic Ecology, 1:143-147. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. 1992. A food-independent maturation threshold and size at maturity in Daphnia magna. Limnology and Oceanography 37:878-881. [pdf]


  • Ebert, D. 1991. The effect of size at birth, maturation threshold and genetic differences on the life history of Daphnia magna. Oecologia 86:243-250. [pdf]
  • Jones, J.S., Ebert, D. & Stearns, S.C. 1991. Life-history and mechanical constraints on the reproduction in genes, cells and waterfleas. In Genes in Ecology (eds. S.Berry, T.J. Crawford & G.M. Hewitt) Blackwell, Oxford, pp.393-404. [pdf]
  • Ebert, D. & Jacobs, J. 1991. Differences in life history and aging in two clonal groups of Daphnia cucullata Sars (Crustacea: Cladocera). Hydrobiologia 225:245-253. [pdf]

Book reviews

  • Steven A. Frank, 2002. Immunology and Evolution of Infectious Disease. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA. 348pp. and: U. Dieckmann, J. A. J. Metz, M. W. Sabelis & K. Sigmund (eds). 2002. Adaptive Dynamics of Infectious Diseases: In pursuit of virulence management. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. 523 pp. (reviewed by J. J. Bull & D. Ebert. 2003. Evolution 57: 441-443. [pdf]
  • Trevathan, W. R., Smith, E. O. & McKenna, J. J. Evolutionary Medicine. (reviewed by D. Ebert & N. V. Sokolova. 2001. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 14: 194-196.). [pdf]
  • Takahata, N. & Clark, A.G. (eds.). Mechanisms of molecular evolution. The Biologist (1995) 43: 191-192 (reviewed by D. Ebert).
  • Jeffries, P.H. & Young, T. Interfungal parasitic relationships. The Biologist (1995) 42:183 (reviewed by D. Ebert).
  • Cox, F.E.G. Modern Parasitology. Biologist, The Biologist (1994) 41:182 (reviewed by D. Ebert).